The Partners for Advancing Health Equity (P4HE) Resource Library is a virtual portal containing action-oriented health equity research, practice, and policies. The library aims to increase equity in health by offering free access to field-tested, evidence-informed and evidence-based programs strategies and high-quality research.
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Health impact assessment and short-term medical missions: A methods study to evaluate quality of careShort-term medical missions (STMMs) are a well-established means of providing health care to the developing world. Despite over 250 million dollars and thousands of volunteer hours dedicated to STMMs, there is a lack of standardized evaluation to assess patient safety, quality control, and mission impact. The objective of this project is to design and implement an assessment tool that defines…June 2008Services & Programs
Background The aim of the study was to explore resilience among refugee children whose parents had been traumatized and were suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Methods The study comprised 80 refugee children (40 boys and 40 girls, age range 6–17 yrs), divided into two groups. The test group consisted of 40 refugee children whose parents had been tortured in Iraq before coming…March 2008Illness/Disease/Injury/Wellbeing
Immigrants have been identified as a vulnerable population, but there is heterogeneity in the degree to which they are vulnerable to inadequate health care. Here we examine the factors that affect immigrants’ vulnerability, including socioeconomic background; immigration status; limited English proficiency; federal, state, and local policies on access to publicly funded health care; residential…October 2007Health Reform, Racism
Everybody’s business: Strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes: WHO’s framework for actionA key purpose of the Framework for Action is to promote a common understanding of what a health system is and what constitutes health systems strengthening. It also provides a basis to support countries in scaling up health systems and services: addressing bottlenecks in a collaborative, coordinated way, driven by desired health outcomes, to achieve sustainable system-wide effects. To be most…January 2007Policy and Practice
The aim of this paper is to discuss the study of equity in mental health contexts. We review major principles and theories of distributive justice, covering various disciplines such as ethics, philosophy, economics, medicine and sociology. Recent literature on empirical analysis of inequalities in the mental health field is also reviewed. The review of literature reveals a general lack of debate…December 2006Mental/Behavioral Health, Social/Structural Determinants
Public health detailing: A strategy to improve the delivery of clinical preventive services in New York CityTo promote use of essential clinical preventive services, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene developed the Public Health Detailing Program, a primary care provider outreach initiative modeled on pharmaceutical detailing. Department representatives conducted topical campaigns, making unscheduled visits to health care practices and meeting with providers and office staff…June 2006Services & Programs
There is little consensus about the meaning of the terms “health disparities,” “health inequalities,” or “health equity.” The definitions can have important practical consequences, determining the measurements that are monitored by governments and international agencies and the activities that will be supported by resources earmarked to address health disparities/inequalities or health equity.…April 2006Policy and Practice
Since time immemorial Indigenous peoples in Canada have been using plants and other natural materials as medicine. Plant medicines are used more frequently than those derived from animals. In all, Indigenous peoples have identified over 400 different species of plants (as well as lichens, fungi and algae) with medicinal applications. Medicine traditions — the plants used, the ailments treated,…February 2006Interventions
Stress, coping, and health: A comparison of Mexican immigrants, Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic whitesMexican immigrants, Mexican-Americans, and non-Hispanic white Americans all face different stressors. Stress-coping strategies may vary for each group as well. We compared relationships among perceived stress, stress-coping strategies, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in a rural sample of Mexican citizens living in the United States, MexicanAmericans, and non-Hispanic whites. Health-…July 2005Mental/Behavioral Health
Objectives: This report discusses six issues that affect the measurement of disparities in health between groups in a population:Selecting a reference point from which to measure disparityMeasuring disparity in absolute or in relative termsMeasuring in terms of favorable or adverse eventsMeasuring in pair-wise or in summary fashionChoosing whether to weight groups according to group sizeDeciding…July 2005Policy and Practice