The Partners for Advancing Health Equity (P4HE) Resource Library is a virtual portal containing action-oriented health equity research, practice, and policies. The library aims to increase equity in health by offering free access to field-tested, evidence-informed and evidence-based programs strategies and high-quality research.
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Background: In this paper, we review and synthesize the current empirical literature on equity-focused community coalitions and evaluation and/or research to explore the approaches and methodologies being used to evaluate the work of community coalitions focused on equity in public health contexts.Purpose: To explore the approaches and methodologies that are used to evaluate the work of community…September 2023Community-rooted/Participatory Research
Impact of COVID-19 mitigations on anxiety and depression amongst university students: A systematic review and meta-analysisBackground: While much research has addressed mental health concerns related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there remains a scarcity of studies specifically exploring the changes in anxiety and depression among university students before and after the implementation of COVID-19 mitigation measures.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched databases…September 2023COVID-19/Coronavirus, Depression
Spiraling risk: Visualizing the multilevel factors that socially pattern HIV risk among gay, bisexual & other men who have sex with men using Complex Systems TheoryPurpose of review: Global disparities in HIV infection, particularly among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), indicate the importance of exploring the multi-level processes that shape HIV’s spread. We used Complex Systems Theory and the PRISMA guidelines to conduct a systematic review of 63 global reviews to understand how HIV is socially patterned among GBMSM. The…July 2023HIV
During the last two decades, the higher mortality rate among Black Americans resulted in more than 1.6 million premature deaths compared to the White population. Join Washington Post Live for conversations with assistant secretary for health Rachel L. Levine and top experts about the medical toll of racial inequality and ways to address disparities in health care. (author abstract)June 2023Illness/Disease/Injury/Wellbeing
Importance: Health inequities exist for racial and ethnic minorities and persons with lower educational attainment due to differential exposure to economic, social, structural, and environmental health risks and limited access to health care. Objective: To estimate the economic burden of health inequities for racial and ethnic minority populations (American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black…May 2023Social/Structural Determinants
The emergence and increasing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) in healthcare practice and delivery is being greeted with both optimism and caution. We focus on the nexus of AI/ML and racial disparities in healthcare: an issue that must be addressed if the promise of AI to improve patient care and health outcomes is to be realized in an equitable manner for all…March 2023Health Reform, Isms and Phobias
US trends in social isolation, social engagement, and companionship ⎯ nationally and by age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income, and work hours, 2003–2020Social connectedness is essential for health and longevity, while isolation exacts a heavy toll on individuals and society. We present U.S. social connectedness magnitudes and trends as target phenomena to inform calls for policy-based approaches to promote social health. Using the 2003–2020 American Time Use Survey, this study finds that, nationally, social isolation increased, social engagement…March 2023Social Environment
Shifting the power balance: Creating health system accountability through trusted community partnershipsHealth care systems across the U.S. are increasingly focused on opportunities to achieve greater health equity. Cultivating meaningful relationships with their surrounding communities and involving community members in program and policy decision-making is integral for health systems to offer equitable care. By prioritizing collaborative relationships with community partners, health systems can…March 2023Policy and Practice
Helping someone less fortunate feels good, right? But when people from rich countries show up in low- and middle-income countries dispensing goodwill and largesse, their efforts may, at best, be too little and, at worst, could do harm. Dr. Kirk Scirto, a family practice physician in Buffalo, New York, has devoted more than two decades to trying to help others through global health promotion and…February 2023Interventions, Global Health
Changes in Body Mass Index among school-aged youths following implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010Importance: The prevalence of obesity among youths 2 to 19 years of age in the US from 2017 to 2018 was 19.3%; previous studies suggested that school lunch consumption was associated with increased obesity. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) strengthened nutritional standards of school-based meals. Objective: To evaluate the association between the HHFKA and youth body mass index (…February 2023Maternal/Child Health, Policy & Law