The Partners for Advancing Health Equity (P4HE) Resource Library is a virtual portal containing action-oriented health equity research, practice, and policies. The library aims to increase equity in health by offering free access to field-tested, evidence-informed and evidence-based programs strategies and high-quality research.
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Impact of COVID-19 mitigations on anxiety and depression amongst university students: A systematic review and meta-analysisBackground: While much research has addressed mental health concerns related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there remains a scarcity of studies specifically exploring the changes in anxiety and depression among university students before and after the implementation of COVID-19 mitigation measures.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched databases…September 2023COVID-19/Coronavirus, Depression
Spiraling risk: Visualizing the multilevel factors that socially pattern HIV risk among gay, bisexual & other men who have sex with men using Complex Systems TheoryPurpose of review: Global disparities in HIV infection, particularly among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), indicate the importance of exploring the multi-level processes that shape HIV’s spread. We used Complex Systems Theory and the PRISMA guidelines to conduct a systematic review of 63 global reviews to understand how HIV is socially patterned among GBMSM. The…July 2023HIV
Importance: Health inequities exist for racial and ethnic minorities and persons with lower educational attainment due to differential exposure to economic, social, structural, and environmental health risks and limited access to health care. Objective: To estimate the economic burden of health inequities for racial and ethnic minority populations (American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black…May 2023Social/Structural Determinants
US trends in social isolation, social engagement, and companionship ⎯ nationally and by age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income, and work hours, 2003–2020Social connectedness is essential for health and longevity, while isolation exacts a heavy toll on individuals and society. We present U.S. social connectedness magnitudes and trends as target phenomena to inform calls for policy-based approaches to promote social health. Using the 2003–2020 American Time Use Survey, this study finds that, nationally, social isolation increased, social engagement…March 2023Social Environment
Changes in Body Mass Index among school-aged youths following implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010Importance: The prevalence of obesity among youths 2 to 19 years of age in the US from 2017 to 2018 was 19.3%; previous studies suggested that school lunch consumption was associated with increased obesity. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) strengthened nutritional standards of school-based meals. Objective: To evaluate the association between the HHFKA and youth body mass index (…February 2023Maternal/Child Health, Policy & Law
Public health workforce perceptions about organizational commitment to diversity, equity, and inclusion: Results from PH WINS 2021In response to calls to achieve racial equity, racism has been declared as a public health crisis. Diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) is an approach public health organizations are pursuing to address racial inequities in health. However, public health workforce perceptions about organizational commitment to DEI have not yet been assessed. Using a nationally representative survey of public…January 2023Education
"It’s a job living here": A qualitative exploration of information motivation and behavioral skills (IMB) related to primary prevention of type 2 diabetes among middle-class African AmericansMiddle-class African Americans are generally ignored in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) prevention efforts, because of presumed protective factors. However, middle-class African Americans often live with psychosocial stressors not traditionally associated with this socioeconomic position. This study examines influencers related to T2D prevention in this under-researched segment of the African American…January 2023Diabetes
A health crisis caused by a pandemic tested the effectiveness of national healthcare systems by testing both financing and organizational and technical performance of patient care. At that time, the structural flaws in healthcare systems and inequalities in the level of healthcare in its different dimensions and countries due to resource constraints were highlighted. Therefore, the paper…December 2022Environmental/Community Health
Income inequality and its relationship with loneliness prevalence: A cross-sectional study among older adults in the US and 16 European countriesBackgrounds: The prevalence of loneliness increases among older adults, varies across countries, and is related to within-country socioeconomic, psychosocial, and health factors. The 2000–2019 pooled prevalence of loneliness among adults 60 years and older went from 5.2% in Northern Europe to 24% in Eastern Europe, while in the US was 56% in 2012. The relationship between country-level factors…December 2022Aging and Life Course, Systemic Determinants
People with disabilities face barriers when attempting to gain access to health care settings. Using qualitative analysis of three physician focus groups, we identified physical, communication, knowledge, structural, and attitudinal barriers to care for people with disabilities. Physicians reported feeling overwhelmed by the demands of practicing medicine in general and the requirements of the…October 2022