The Partners for Advancing Health Equity (P4HE) Resource Library is a virtual portal containing action-oriented health equity research, practice, and policies. The library aims to increase equity in health by offering free access to field-tested, evidence-informed and evidence-based programs strategies and high-quality research.
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Impact of COVID-19 mitigations on anxiety and depression amongst university students: A systematic review and meta-analysisBackground: While much research has addressed mental health concerns related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there remains a scarcity of studies specifically exploring the changes in anxiety and depression among university students before and after the implementation of COVID-19 mitigation measures.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched databases…September 2023COVID-19/Coronavirus, Depression
Spiraling risk: Visualizing the multilevel factors that socially pattern HIV risk among gay, bisexual & other men who have sex with men using Complex Systems TheoryPurpose of review: Global disparities in HIV infection, particularly among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), indicate the importance of exploring the multi-level processes that shape HIV’s spread. We used Complex Systems Theory and the PRISMA guidelines to conduct a systematic review of 63 global reviews to understand how HIV is socially patterned among GBMSM. The…July 2023HIV
During the last two decades, the higher mortality rate among Black Americans resulted in more than 1.6 million premature deaths compared to the White population. Join Washington Post Live for conversations with assistant secretary for health Rachel L. Levine and top experts about the medical toll of racial inequality and ways to address disparities in health care. (author abstract)June 2023Illness/Disease/Injury/Wellbeing
Importance: Health inequities exist for racial and ethnic minorities and persons with lower educational attainment due to differential exposure to economic, social, structural, and environmental health risks and limited access to health care. Objective: To estimate the economic burden of health inequities for racial and ethnic minority populations (American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black…May 2023Social/Structural Determinants
Shifting the power balance: Creating health system accountability through trusted community partnershipsHealth care systems across the U.S. are increasingly focused on opportunities to achieve greater health equity. Cultivating meaningful relationships with their surrounding communities and involving community members in program and policy decision-making is integral for health systems to offer equitable care. By prioritizing collaborative relationships with community partners, health systems can…March 2023Policy and Practice
US trends in social isolation, social engagement, and companionship ⎯ nationally and by age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income, and work hours, 2003–2020Social connectedness is essential for health and longevity, while isolation exacts a heavy toll on individuals and society. We present U.S. social connectedness magnitudes and trends as target phenomena to inform calls for policy-based approaches to promote social health. Using the 2003–2020 American Time Use Survey, this study finds that, nationally, social isolation increased, social engagement…March 2023Social Environment
Helping someone less fortunate feels good, right? But when people from rich countries show up in low- and middle-income countries dispensing goodwill and largesse, their efforts may, at best, be too little and, at worst, could do harm. Dr. Kirk Scirto, a family practice physician in Buffalo, New York, has devoted more than two decades to trying to help others through global health promotion and…February 2023Interventions, Global Health
Changes in Body Mass Index among school-aged youths following implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010Importance: The prevalence of obesity among youths 2 to 19 years of age in the US from 2017 to 2018 was 19.3%; previous studies suggested that school lunch consumption was associated with increased obesity. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) strengthened nutritional standards of school-based meals. Objective: To evaluate the association between the HHFKA and youth body mass index (…February 2023Maternal/Child Health, Policy & Law
The new workplace normal and the lasting impact of the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative ethnographic studyIn March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Coronavirus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) a global pandemic. Immediately following the announcement, states began mandating lockdowns for all non-essential businesses. The lockdown strategy was implemented and ORAU abruptly shifted their work culture to a work from home status. Thus, the identified problem addressed in this study…February 2023COVID-19/Coronavirus
"It’s a job living here": A qualitative exploration of information motivation and behavioral skills (IMB) related to primary prevention of type 2 diabetes among middle-class African AmericansMiddle-class African Americans are generally ignored in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) prevention efforts, because of presumed protective factors. However, middle-class African Americans often live with psychosocial stressors not traditionally associated with this socioeconomic position. This study examines influencers related to T2D prevention in this under-researched segment of the African American…January 2023Diabetes